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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 165-167

Incidence of colorectal cancer in North-Western India over 5 Years

1 Senior Resident, Department of Radiation Oncology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Resident, Department of Radiation Oncology, ATRCTRI, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, American International Institute of Medical Science, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Medical Officer, Department of Oncology, Government Mahatma Gandhi District Hospital, Banswara, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Naresh Kumar Khatri
Medical Officer, Department of Oncology, Government Mahatma Gandhi District Hospital, Banswara, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrcr.jrcr_29_21

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Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal malignancy. CRC occurs more common in males than females worldwide. There are very few studies on the incidence of CRC in the state of Rajasthan. The present study evaluates its temporal variation and area-wise distribution. Materials and Methods: Five-year retrospective data on CRC incidence were obtained from Hospital-Based Cancer Registry of Regional Cancer Center (RCC), Bikaner, from January 2016 to December 2020. The collected data show the trend of CRC incidence over these 5 years. District- and tehsil-wise distribution of patients was also analyzed. Results: A total of 37,132 cases registered at RCC, Bikaner, from January 2016 to December 2020, there were 796 cases of CRC accounting for 2.14% of the total. Among these, there were 500 male and 296 female cases, respectively. The median age at the diagnosis of CRC was 53 years in females and 56 years in males. This 5-year data analysis showed an increasing trend of CRC incidence in the last 5 years. The highest incidence rate was found in the districts of Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, and Churu, with most patients coming from Bikaner tehsil of Bikaner district. Conclusion: CRC cases have shown an increasing trend in the past 5 years in Rajasthan with a higher incidence in the North-western districts. There is a need to early diagnosis through screening and find out solutions for reducing the risk of CRC in future.

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