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A hospital-based study on the distribution of ovarian tumors in the tribal and nontribal population of Ranchi, Jharkhand

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, RIMS, Ranchi, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medini Rai Medical College, Palamu, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Bijeta Singh,
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medini Rai Medical College, Palamu, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrcr.jrcr_26_22

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the types and management of ovarian tumors in tribal and nontribal population of Jharkhand. Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of Pathology for duration of 24 months from December 2019 till November 2021. The study included the data (age and clinical symptoms) of patients of ovarian tumors who attended the Gynecology Outpatient Department and were managed with surgery or neoadjuvant therapy. The diagnosis was confirmed through radiology investigations, tumor markers, and histopathology. Histopathological reports of samples sent to the Department of Pathology were included. Results: A total of 150 patients with ovarian tumors were included, among which 63 (42%) were tribal. As compared to nontribals, tribals had comparable mean age (39.05 ± 12.18 vs. 36.55 ± 11.77, P = 0.469), comparable parity, and socioeconomic status. The most common complaints were pain in lower abdomen (80%), lump in lower abdomen (34%), and abdominal distension (18%). Epithelial tumors constituted the majority of tumors, and histopathological types included mucinous adenocarcinoma (26%), dermoid cyst (16%), serous cystadenoma (10%), and simple ovarian cyst (10%). Distribution of histopathological type of tumor was comparable between nontribal and tribal (P = 0.478). Seventy-four percent of the patients were managed operatively, which included unilateral ovarian mass/cyst removal, ovarian mass removal, total abdominal hysterectomy, and opposite side salpingo-oophorectomy, whereas 26% of the patients were managed conservatively with chemotherapy. There was no mortality, and the overall outcomes were comparable between nontribals and tribals (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, histopathological type, management, and outcomes were similar among tribal and nontribal patients with ovarian tumors.

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